The new Charter is a comprehensive revision and update of the International Council on Monuments and Sites’ International Charter on Cultural Tourism (1999). In addition to recognizing the over-exploitation of cultural heritage sites and tourist destinations by tourism, the Charter is formulated against the background of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Taking into account the devastating impact of the global climate change crisis, environmental degradation, conflict, disasters and COVID-19, four goals and seven guidelines were proposed to focus on community resilience, mass tourism, digital transformation and technological development.
In contrast to the previous charter, the new Charter particularly recognizes the fundamentally unsustainable use of global resources, including cultural and natural heritage, as a result of changes in tourism in the context of exponential growth in heritage tourism. It is committed to re-adjustment of tourism, which has been based on economic growth, to build proper planning and responsible management of cultural heritage tourism. The new Charter, in particular, emphasizes the concept of responsible tourism, which highlights longtermism and sustainability, encourages to promote awareness of cultural heritage, and provides opportunities to enhance the well-being of individuals and communities, as well as the resilience of communities.
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